Ms.? Norine MacDonald is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University in Washington, DC.? Her research focus is on issues related to the intersection of Artificial Intelligence and the Defense and Intel sector.? Specific research interests include mapping the Artificial Intelligence for defense and intelligence innovation ecosystem, with a view to providing policy insight for decision makers, as well as global mapping of this sector. Ms MacDonald has also developed expertise on the ways in which social media can be utilized for intelligence and influence operations, as part of a research project to understand the nature of??Social Media Intelligence.?